Energy front of Ukraine. How does it work in wartime?
Today, companies across various industries operate in extremely difficult conditions, providing Ukraine with every essential. Among them are gas and energy markets that provide every home with the necessary services. Therefore, the European Business Association is starting a weekly publication of verified news from its Energy Committee member companies to inform about the resumption of services and the peculiarities of operations during the war.
About 334,663 consumers remain without gas supply as of April 4, 2022: Kyiv region – 142 468 consumers, Kharkiv region – 110 468, Zaporizhia region – 61 813, Chernihiv region – 15 822, Sumy region – 2908, Mykolaiv region – 859, Zhytomyr region – 225, Dnipropetrovsk region – 61, Zakarpattia region – 39.
However, gas supply to 15,069 consumers (Zhytomyr, Zaporizhia, Kyiv, Chernihiv, Sumy, Mykolaiv, Dnipropetrovsk, Zakarpattia, and Kharkiv oblasts) was restored last week.
The companies in the gas distribution sector work in extremely difficult conditions. Their employees not only restore gas supply under constant shelling despite the risks to lives but also help maintain the economic front. For example, JSC Khmelnytskygaz performed all works on the construction of gas networks and the installation of gas equipment for 250 families in the Khmelnytsky region. Since the beginning of the war, the Khmelnytsky region has welcomed more than 50,000 displaced persons, many of whom are willing to settle in the region. In three months, Khmelnytskygaz JSC has already gasified about 700 apartments and 86 private sector buildings.
Over the past week, DTEK Grids distribution system operators have returned light to 313,000 customers in 456 settlements in the Donetsk, Dnipro, Kyiv regions, and the city of Kyiv. Besides, specialists began work to restore grids in the areas of the Kyiv region liberated from russian aggressors.
Thus, electricians of Kyiv regional power grids managed to fully or partially restore electricity supply in 271 inhabited localities of the Kyiv region. A total of 111,250 customers have the light again. On April 2-3, the restoration of electricity supply began in the districts of the Kyiv region liberated by the Armed Forces of Ukraine from the russian occupiers. The company’s specialists partially returned the light to Velyka Dymerka, Mykhailivka, and Rudnytske of Baryshivsky and Brovarsky districts. The power supply was restored for 2,506 customers. In addition, the company’s specialists revived the substation that supplies equipment to mobile and telecom operators in Makarov, thanks to which it was possible to restore communication in the territories previously occupied by the russians.
In the Donetsk region, DTEK Donetsk Grids repair crews managed to restore power supply to 84.7 thousand customers in 62 inhabited localities. Electricians continue to work in the hottest spots, returning light to Avdiivsky, Toretsky, Konstantinovsky, Maryinsky, and other areas that are being regularly shelled by enemies and left without light.
In the Dnipro region, electricity was returned to 121 inhabited localities in rural areas – 34,795 families now have the light back. Currently, two localities remain completely without electricity and three partially – in total, 687 customers. DTEK emergency crews in Dnipro are constantly working to quickly restore the electricity supply. Emergency and recovery work in the region have to be completed by the end of the day, April 4.
In some localities of the Kyiv and the Donetsk regions, the electricity supply had to be returned several times due to regular shelling and damage to electrical equipment in areas of active hostilities. Namely, in Avdiivka, Mariinsky, Toretsky, Lymansky, Bakhmut districts of Donetsk region and Vyshgorod, Baryshivsky, Brovarsky, Kyiv-Sviatoshynsky districts of Kyiv region.
In total, emergency crews have been working continuously for 40 days to restore electricity to localities affected by the hostilities, and to return light to liberated towns and villages after receiving work permits from Ukrainian sappers (who completed demining).
Gas & oil distribution
In the Donetsk region, in the service area of JSC Donetskoblgaz, the street gas pipeline of n/t of 108 mm, and the street gas pipeline of low pressure of 57 mm were damaged. In both cases, experts applied a soft bandage, which allowed to save gas in customers’ homes. Besides, it managed to restore gas supply to 98 buildings and establish gas supply to one of the key industrial enterprises in the region (the company did not use gas in the production cycle before as it had modern and energy-saving technologies. However, the attackers destroyed them. Therefore, to maintain the level of production, Donetskoblgaz connected the company with gas facilities). At the same time, after the repeated shelling of two localities on the border of the region, specialists restored the integrity of the grid without stopping the gas distribution. The shelling destroyed the entrance collector in a residential building in Vuhledar – the gas supply was stopped for 199 subscribers. Unfortunately, the building of one of the company’s sections was significantly damaged. Colleagues are forced to change the schedule of the emergency service, and repair work is carried out immediately after the ceasefire. There are also areas where permanent hostilities continue in the places of existing damage – this, unfortunately, makes repair work impossible.
JSC “Ukrspetstransgaz” continues to provide in a state of war rhythmic supply of liquefied hydrocarbon gases. The company is directly involved in the diversification of fuel supply from manufacturers and traders from Western partner countries: Poland, Slovakia, Hungary, and Romania.
Naftogaz Trading Group continues to supply gas to thermal power plants (TPPs) in accordance with the resolution of the Cabinet of Ministers. To date, all procedures have been completed and 5 of the 12 TPPs, designated by the Government, can receive gas. Thus, since March, Mykolaiv TPP, Kharkiv TPP-5, and Kherson TPP have been receiving gas, and since April 1, supplies have started for Sumiteploenergo and TECHNOVA Firm LLC. And thanks to the proper balancing of the commercial portfolio of Naftogaz Trading, the group’s imbalance was reduced from 120 million cubic meters of positive to 1.3 million negative. Thus, they managed to preserve the resource of Ukrainian gas production for the needs of the population.
Naftogaz Teplo LLC (Novoyarivska and Novorazdelska thermal power plants, Lviv Region) operates and stably supplies electricity to residents of Novy Rozdol, Novoyavorivsk, and nearby localities.
The facilities of Ukrtransgaz remain under enhanced security and continue to operate as normal.
Ukrgazvydobuvannya continues to produce gas stably at all of its facilities, except for those near the line of contact.
Ukrtransnafta JSC continues to ensure the stable operation of Ukraine’s oil transportation system under martial law.
The Shebelyn refinery (Kharkiv region) is not in operation.
Kirovogradgas JSC operates as usual.